Action Partnerships

Battery Passport


GBA Battery Passport Logo

Batteries do much more than just power electric vehicles (EVs) – they also help determine their performance, service life, charging speed, and costs. That is, however, only part of a battery’s much longer journey along the value chain, which starts with the extraction of raw materials and extends into the second phase of each battery’s life as stationary energy storage or recycling sources.

The production of a rechargeable battery – from mine to an electric vehicle – poses significant social and environmental risks.  These range from mineral extraction (child labor, unsafe working conditions, indigenous rights), to production processes (C02 footprint, water use, biodiversity loss, pollution) and significantly impact the overall sustainability of the end product.

The Battery Passport is a digital representation of a battery that conveys information about all applicable ESG and lifecycle requirements based on a comprehensive definition of a sustainable battery. Each Battery Passport will be a digital twin of its physical battery enabled by the digital Battery Passport platform, which offers a global solution for securely sharing information and data. This platform aims to go beyond enabling the performance management of just one battery to that of all batteries across the full industry value chain.

The Battery Passport’s role in underpinning a responsible battery value chain has been endorsed during global policy discussions, including in the 2021 G7 Leaders’ Meeting, the draft EU Directive on Batteries, and by the Canadian and US administrations.

October 2022 update: The GBA announces a major milestone with the publication of the Greenhouse Gas rulebook as the first indicator for the Battery Passport

The specific objectives of this first version of the Greenhouse Gas Rulebook are to set globally harmonized rules that make “cradle to gate” Battery Carbon Footprints transparent; and to allow decisions to be driven by reliable, accessible, and trusted data. The Rulebook aims to provide a sound method by which process-specific data is generated and collected in a homogeneous way and Battery Carbon Footprints across vendors in the battery value chain are comparable.

Development of this Rulebook has been overseen by the GBA’s Greenhouse Gas Work Group, which was set up to define what stakeholders likely expect, and to set the high-level principles and operating rules upon which the Battery Carbon Footprint of the GBA Battery Passport is to be developed.

As a first step, the use and end-of-life phases of Li-ion EV batteries have been excluded from this version of the Rulebook. The GBA continues to work on rules for these phases to be added in future versions of the Rulebook. The Rulebook will be revisited throughout GBA’s engagement with external stakeholders, with a view to incorporating the feedback received into the adoption of future versions.

If you have comments or questions or would like to receive updates regarding consultations on the rulebook please email:


Once completed, the Battery Passport program will consist of:

  • A global reporting framework to govern rules around measurement, auditing, and reporting of ESG parameters across the battery value chain.
  • A digital ID for batteries containing data and descriptions about the ESG performance, manufacturing history, and provenance as well as advancing battery life extension and enabling recycling.
  • Harmonizing of digital systems collaborating across the value chain to report data into the battery passport.
  • A digital platform that will collect, exchange, collate and report data among all authorized lifecycle stakeholders to advance a sustainable value chain for electric vehicle (EV) and stationary batteries. It will transparently report progress toward global goals along the battery value chain to inform policy-making for governments, the civil society and develop performance benchmarks.
  • A quality seal for batteries (based on the data reported into the platform) to facilitate responsible purchasing by consumers.


The Battery Passport will enable the following outcomes:

  • Provide transparency in practices and impact of the battery along the value chain to all relevant stakeholders in the battery value chain
  • Create a framework for benchmarking batteries along criteria by identifying those that are best and worst in class and providing minimum acceptable standards for a sustainable and responsible battery
  • Validate and track progress on the pathway to sustainable, responsible and resource-efficient batteries.



The Battery Passport Action Partnership is managed operationally by a Project Management Office. Strategic decision-making is guided by a Steering Committee made up of GBA members representing a balance of industry, civil society, governments, and academia.


Steering Committee


  • Tristan Mecham, Tesla
  • Simon Thibauld, Investissement Quebec

  • Yuichi Aoyama, Honda
  • Gillian Davidson, ERG
  • Patrick de Metz, Saft
  • Jonathan Eckart, WEF
  • Wouter Ghyoot, Umicore
  • Georgina Hallett, LME
  • Jean-Philippe Hermine, Renault
  • Changuk Kim / Dongyoung Oh, SKI
  • Thorsten Pinkepank, BASF
  • Julia Poliscanova, T&E
  • Josef Schoen, Audi
  • Ilse Schoeters, Glencore
  • Uwe Seidel, VDI\VDE-IT
  • Kim Stirling / Anna Kamp, NRCan
  • Paul Taylor, Johnson Matthey
  • Ji Seung Yoo, LG Chem

Project Management Office:

  • Project lead: Torsten Freund, BASF
  • Alex Sorokin, Eurasian Resources Group
  • Marco Evertz, VDI/VDE-IT
  • Roman Korzynietz VDI/VDE-IT
  • Nikolas Oehl-Schalla, VDI/VDE-IT
  • Patrick de Metz, Saft
  • Maximillian Gebhardt, McKinsey

Implementing Partners:

  • Johannes Drielsma, Drielsma Resources Europe
  • Estelle Levin-Nally, Levin Sources


Global Battery Alliance Battery Passport 2021 Overview
Global Battery Alliance Battery Passport 2021 Overview

Giving an identity to the EV’s most important component


GBA Solo Mark

The GBA brings together leading organizations along the entire battery value chain.

Join Us Today